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A fundamental aspect of responsible firearm ownership is understanding the different types of ammunition available and selecting the appropriate rounds for your firearm. At Precision Armory, we believe that informed decision-making is essential for safety, accuracy, and overall shooting enjoyment. In this guide, we’ll break down the various ammunition types and help you choose the right rounds for your firearm:

1. Caliber and Cartridge:

The caliber of a firearm refers to the diameter of the bullet it fires. It’s essential to know the specific caliber or cartridge your firearm is chambered for, as using the wrong ammunition can result in malfunctions, damage to your firearm, or even injury. Check your firearm’s barrel or owner’s manual for this information.

2. Types of Ammunition:

  • Full Metal Jacket (FMJ): FMJ rounds are designed with a metal jacket covering the lead core of the bullet. They are commonly used for target shooting and training due to their affordability and reliability. FMJ rounds typically offer good penetration but may lack expansion upon impact.
  • Hollow Point (HP): Hollow point rounds feature a hollowed-out cavity at the tip of the bullet, designed to expand upon impact. They are preferred for self-defense and hunting applications, as they create larger wound channels and transfer more energy to the target, reducing the risk of over-penetration and collateral damage.
  • Soft Point (SP): Similar to hollow point rounds, soft point bullets have a partially exposed lead core at the tip. They offer controlled expansion upon impact, making them suitable for hunting small to medium-sized game. Soft point rounds provide a balance between penetration and expansion.
  • Ballistic Tip: Ballistic tip rounds feature a polymer or plastic tip designed to enhance aerodynamics and initiate expansion upon impact. They offer superior long-range performance and are popular among hunters and precision shooters. Ballistic tip bullets deliver consistent accuracy and controlled expansion.

3. Considerations for Choosing Ammunition:

  • Intended Use: Consider the intended use of your firearm when selecting ammunition. Are you target shooting, hunting, or using it for self-defense? Choose ammunition that aligns with your specific needs and preferences.
  • Firearm Compatibility: Ensure that the ammunition you select is compatible with your firearm’s caliber and chamber specifications. Using the wrong ammunition can lead to dangerous malfunctions or damage to your firearm.
  • Performance Characteristics: Take into account factors such as bullet weight, velocity, and terminal ballistics when choosing ammunition. Select rounds that offer the desired balance of penetration, expansion, and accuracy for your intended application.

4. Consult with Our Experts:

At Precision Armory, our knowledgeable staff are here to assist you in choosing the right ammunition for your firearm. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced shooter, we can provide personalized recommendations based on your specific needs and preferences. We’re committed to helping you make informed decisions and ensuring a safe and enjoyable shooting experience.


Understanding ammunition types is essential for maximizing the performance and safety of your firearm. By considering factors such as caliber, bullet type, and intended use, you can select the right rounds to meet your needs and achieve optimal shooting results. At Precision Armory, we’re here to support you every step of the way and provide expert guidance in choosing the perfect ammunition for your firearm.